Mpox spreads in different ways. The virus can spread from person-to-person through direct contact with the infectious rash, scabs, or body fluids. It also can be spread by respiratory secretions during prolonged, face-to-face contact, or during intimate physical contact, such as kissing, cuddling, or sex. In addition, pregnant people can spread the virus to their fetus through the placenta.
Mpox is transmitted to humans through close contact with an infected person or animal, or with close contact with materials contaminated by the virus.
Touching items that previously touched the infectious rash or body fluids, including clothing, towels, or bedding is another way mpox spreads. It’s also possible for people to get mpox from infected animals, either by being scratched or bitten by the animal or by eating meat or using products from an infected animal.